About oral hygiene:

Oral hygiene is essential for your overall well-being. Bacterias and inflammation from the gums spread to the rest of the body and can cause illness and weaken the immune system. Insufficient oral hygiene can cause of gingivitis, tooth decay (caries) and the loss of teeth (periodontosis).

Good oral hygiene is ensured by regularly removing bacteria (plaque). The mouth contains many different types of bacteria, some of which are necessary to taste and digest our food, while others are harmful as they can develop into various diseases in the mouth.

With regardards to removing bacteria, it applies only to the bacterias that accumulate on the teeth, mucous membranes and tongue.

To the right you can read how to best ensure a healthy mouth.

Toothbrush: It is individually which toothbrush works the best for you: a regular toothbrush or an electric toothbrush. The important thing is that the toothbrush is soft and has many close-fitting bristles. If the toothbrush is too hard, it can cause soreness of the gums and cause the gums to recede and the teeth to get abrasive. The head of the toothbrush should not be too large, as it should be able to reach all the way to the rear teeth. Toothbrushing should be done twice times daily to remove bacteria on the surfaces of the teeth.

Toothpaste: A good toothpaste should contain fluoride. Fluoride prevents the development of caries. It is recommended to use a toothpaste with a fluoride content of 1450ppm – also for children. The amount of toothpaste for children should correspond to the size smaller than a pea. If you have delicate oral mucosa and tend to have blisters in your mouth, it is a good idea to avoid toothpaste containing the substance Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS). SLS is a foaming agent which makes the toothpaste foam, but it does not provide cleaner teeth.

Dental floss: Dental floss is necessary to remove bacteria (plaque) between the teeth – where the toothbrush cannot enter. A good floss should be easy to use. If you have teeth that sit tight, using a flat thread can be recommended.

Bleeding gums

Bleeding gums are often a sign of gingivitis. Gingivitis is one of the most common gum diseases. Most of us have had gingivitis at some point in life – many without even noticing.

This is because symptoms from gingivitis and rare and/or diffucult to identiy. Most people will not feel  effects of the gingivities, while some can feel soreness when brushing and eating. Others may feel the gingiva (gingiva) swelling and bleeding. The bleeding can cause a bad taste in the mouth and even give bad breath (halitosis). If the gingivitis is left untreated, it can develop into loosening of the  teeth (periodontosis). Paradentosis, unlike gingivitis, cannot be cured. However, good oral hygiene and regular check-ups at the dentist can keep it in check.

Gingivitis / Gum inflammation

Gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease if it infects the bone under the tooth.

Gingivitis does not have to cause symptoms other than bleeding and tenderness when brushing, and possibly when eating. Sometimes the gums will also feel swollen.

If any symptoms do not disappear even if the oral hygiene improves, you should consult a dentist. It may be incipient periodontal disease or other that should be examined by a dentist.

Why Gingivitis?

Inflammation of the gums is usually a reaction to bacteria that are left in food residues on the teeth. If the coatings/bacterias are not removed by daily brushing, inflammation will occur. Gingivitis can occur at any age.

Pariodontal disease / Gingivitis

Pariodontal disease is an infection of the gums and bone in which the teeth sit. Pariodontal erosion of the jawbone around the gums, causing the teeth to become loose.

Symptoms: Often, you do not even experience periodontal disease even when it is in an advanced stage because you only feel limitied pain or some discomfort at first. Therefore, it is important that you regularly visit a dentist who will be able to detect and treat the disease in the initiating phase. periodontal disease often starts with inflammation of the gums caused by the accumulation of bacteria and/or tartar along the gums. As a result, the gums become red and swollen and bleed as you brush your teeth. You have no or little pain. As the disease progresses, the gums pockets become deeper, the teeth become loose, and you can get gum abscess. How the periodontal disease develops depends, among other things, on your immune system. If the periodontal disease is not treated, risk is that loss of teeth.

Tartar

Tartar is calcified bacteria and occurs because the teeth are not kept completely clean. Old food debris and bacteria in the coatings of the teeth are calcified by the lime primarily forund in the saliva, so the way to avoid tartar is simply optimal oral hygiene.

A distinction is made between tartar above and below the gumline, but in any case, the tartar must be removed as it has a rough and porous surface to which bacteria adhere. If not removed, the inflammation can spread to periodontal disease, which in the long run can cause one to loose one’s teeth.

Mucous membranes / SLS free

Blisters are second  to tooth decay and periodontosis the most frequent disease of the mouth. In fact, these can be painful wounds that come and go, so the words  “blister”  are misleading. The wounds hurt because there is inflammation. A frequent cause of blisters in the mouth is high-acid foods such as alcohol, coffee and yeast. It may also be because you are stressed, have allergies, are in deficit of vitamins, or that you have bitten yourself in the cheek or tongue. Or you simply have sensitive mucous membranes. Switch to a toothpaste without SLS, a foaming agent suspected of provoking blisters in the mouth.